AnnieOakley1899-500

Intro

Let's face it, some women (and some of you guys) are afraid of guns. As the media keeps showing, in the wrong hands, they are clearly dangerous. But so is a car. If used safely and correctly, a firearm can be a very rewarding tool as well as something to defend yourself and your loved ones. The issue then becomes, knowing how to be safe.

Types of Firearms

There are two basic types of firearms, long guns and handguns. In general, these descriptions apply:

  • Long Guns
    • Rifles
      • long barrel
      • has a shoulder stock
      • shoots a single projectile per shot
      • the barrel is rifled (grooves cut in barrel to give the projectile a stabilizing spin)
      • meant to be shot with the butt of the stock secured to your shoulder
      • Shotguns
    • Shotguns
      • long barrel
      • usually has a shoulder stock, but can have just a pistol grip
      • shoots multiple, small pellets per shot (varies by type)
      • the barrel is smooth (no rifling)
      • meant to be shot with the butt of the stock secured to your shoulder (unless using pistol grip)
  • Hand Guns
    • Revolvers
      • contains a cylinder that holds multiple shots
      • they do not have a "safety" - they are inherently safe
      • they have been around since the Civil War era
    • Pistols
      • contains a magazine (a pre-loaded package of bullets)
      • they are self-loading after each shot
      • they have been around since before 1900

Types of Ammo

  • Types of Ammo
    • Center Fire
      • This is the most common type of cartrage
      • The firing pin strikes a small "cap" in the center of the casing
    • Rim Fire
      • This type of cartrage is generally used only by .22s
      • The "firing pin" strikes the rim of the casing to ignite the powder

Caliber vs. mm vs. Gauge

The following information is a brief, reasonably accurate list of the most popular sizes of bullets. It is intended for beginners, and does not go into any real detail.
  • Calibers
    • Caliber is a measure of the bullet in inches
      Calibers Weapon Type Notes
      .17 Rifle Relatively new caliber
      While very small, it flies very fast
      Popular for use against small varmits
      .22 Short Handgun Weakest bullet made
      Popular for simple target practice
      .22 Long Rifle Rifle/Handgun Most popular .22 caliber
      Best if purchased in "bricks"
      .22 Magnum Rifle/Handgun The big brother of the .22 family
      Polular for use against small varmits
      .223 Rifle Civilian version of the 5.56mm
      Popular as a heavy varmit gun
      .25 Auto Semi-Auto Handgun Underpowered round used in very small automatics
      .30-06 Rifles Standard US Army round adopted in 1906
      Popular hunting round
      .308 Rifles/MGs Civilian version of the 7.62x51mm round
      A popular hunting round
      .32 Auto Semi-Auto Handgun Underpowered round used in very small automatics
      .338 Lapua Rifle Relatively new round
      Popular with sharpshooters & snipers
      .380 Semi-Auto Handgun Underpowered round used in very small automatics
      Also called 9mm Kurtz (short)
      .38 Special Revolver Low end .38 caliber round
      .38 Revolver Popular round used by police and military prior to the popularity of semi-automatics (generally 9mm)
      .357 Sig Pistol Relatively new round
      Invented by Sig Saur
      .357 Magnum Revolver Powerful handgun round
      Popular with police
      .357 Magnum pistols can actually fire .38s, but not vice versa
      .40 Pistol A relatively new round
      More powerful than the popular 9mm without too much overpenetration
      .41 Magnum Revolver An uncommon but powerful handgun round
      .44 Magnum Revolver "Dirty Harry" gun
      Very powerful handgun round
      .45 ACP Handguns 2nd most popular round
      Flies slowly, but with a lot of punch
      Over 100 year old design
      .454 Casule Revolver Huge revolver round
      Not very common
      .50 AE (Action Express) Revolver Huge revolver round
      Not very common
      .50 BMG (Browning Machine Gun) Sniper Rifle & the M2 BMG An enourmous round
      Ranges in excess of a mile
      Massive damage
  • Calibers
    • MM is a measure of the bullet in millimeters
      mm Weapon Type Notes
      5.56mm NATO Rifles Military version of the .223
      Used by many NATO forces
      5.7mm FN Rifle & Pistol Used exclusively by the FN P90 and FN Five-seveN
      7.5mm Swiss Rifles Used in Swiss rifles only
      7.62x38 Revolver Used exclusively by the old Russian Nagant revolver
      A relatively weak round by today's standards
      A unique round because the bullet is inside the casing
      7.62x39 Soviet Assault Rifles Very popular round used by the AK47 and others
      Cheap!
      7.62x51 Rifles & Med MGs Used by the heavier NATO Assault rifles
      Popular round used by snipers
      Military version of the .308
      7.62x54 Rifles & Med MGs Used by the Soviet rifles in WWI & WWII
      Standard Soviet sniper rifle round
      Used by some Soviet MGs
      7.63 Old semi-auto round Popular in its day
      Weak by today's standards
      Occasionally called .30 cal pistol round
      Most often used by P08 Lugars and M96 "Broomhandle" Mausers before be rechambered to the more powerful 9mm
      7.92 Mauser (AKA 8mm) Rifles & WWII German MGs A popular round used by the German Army (and others) since the late 1800's
      8mm Label Grench Rifles & WWII MGs Popular during WWI and WWII
      Uncommon these days
      9mmx18 Pistols A common Soviet pistol round
      Not to be confused with the very popular 9mmx19
      9mm (9mmx19) Pistols The most popular pistol round in the world
      Sometimes followed by the name "Luger" or "Parabellum"
      Not to be confused with the Soviet 9mmx18
      10mm Pistols A new round that never caught on
      Similar to the .40
      12.7x102 Heavy Soviet MGs An enourmous round
      Ranges in excess of a mile
      Massive damge
  • Gauges
    • Shotguns shoot rounds measured in gauges. Unlike other rounds, the smaller the gauge, the larger the bore.
      Gauge Weapon Type Notes
      .410 Shotguns
      • The weakest of all shotguns
      • A good starter shotgun for kids
      • This "gauge" is actually a "caliber"
      20 Gauge Shotguns
      • A weak shotgun
      • A good starter shotgun for kids
      12 Gauge Shotguns
      • By far the most popular
      • Used by hunters, police & the military
      10 Gauge Shotguns
      • A big shotgun
      • Not very common

Targets

We are not a hunting club. We will not be killing anything other than pizza boxes, cans, paper targets, etc. We do not have anything against responsible hunting, but that is not the focus of our group.